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what is mountaintop removal mining

What Is Mountaintop Removal Mining? Earthjustice

Mountaintop removal coal mining, often described as "strip mining on steroids," is an extremely destructive form of mining that is devastating Appalachia. In the past few decades, over 2,000 miles of streams and headwaters that provide drinking water for millions of Americans have been permanently buried and destroyed.

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What is mountaintop removal coal mining? iLoveMountains.org

Mountaintop removal is a relatively new type of coal mining that began in Appalachia in the 1970s as an extension of conventional strip mining techniques. Primarily, mountaintop removal is occurring in West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia and Tennessee.

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What is Mountaintop Removal Mining? crmw.net

Mountaintop removal is a relatively new type of coal mining that began in Appalachia in the 1970s as an extension of conventional strip mining techniques. Primarily, mountaintop removal is occurring in West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia and Tennessee.

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What Is Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining? Kentuckians For

Mountaintop removal is a radical form of strip mining used in the Appalachian mountain communities that is just as it sounds the top of mountains are removed in order to get at the thin horizontal seams of coal that lie beneath. Sometimes several seams of coal may be removed, requiring more of the mountain to be destroyed with each seam.

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Mountaintop Removal Mining, Surface Mining, Mining Process

Mountaintop Removal Mining. Mountaintop removal mining (MTR), frequently referred to as mountaintop mining/valley fills (MTM/VF), is a type of surface mining that entails great topographic change to the summit or summit crest of a mountain. It is most intimately related with coal mining in the Appalachian Mountains, situated in the eastern United States.

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WHAT IS MOUNTAINTOP-REMOVAL COAL MINING?

mountaintop-removal coal mining has on communities. Here are just some of the startling facts: • Cancer rates are 5 percent higher near mountaintop-removal sites. • Birth defects are 42 percent more likely in children born in mountaintop-removal areas. • Life expectancy in mountaintop-removal affected counties is up to 1.5 years shorter.

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Mountaintop Removal 101 > Appalachian Voices

Mountaintop removal is any method of surface coal mining that destroys a mountaintop or ridgeline, whether or not the mined area will be returned to what is legally described as

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What is Mountaintop Removal? (with pictures)

May 30, 2020· Mountaintop removal is a form of mining which involves blasting away the top of a mountain to get at the valuable minerals inside, particularly coal. It is most associated with the Appalachian Mountains in the United States, although this mining technique is in use all over the world.

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Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia

Mountaintop and area mining allows for almost complete recovery of coal seams, and reduces the number of workers required to a fraction of what conventional methods require but produces large volumes of excess spoil disposal needs.

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5 Foremost Pros And Cons of Mountaintop Removal

Aug 24, 2015· List of Pros of Mountaintop Removal. 1. It’s cheaper than other mining methods. At first glance, mountaintop removal might seem expensive. Explosives, for one thing, aren’t exactly cheap, especially since millions of pounds are needed for a single mountain.

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What is Mountaintop Removal Mining? crmw.net

Background. Mountaintop removal is a relatively new type of coal mining that began in Appalachia in the 1970s as an extension of conventional strip mining techniques. Primarily, mountaintop removal is occurring in West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia and Tennessee. Coal companies in Appalachia are increasingly using this method because it allows for almost complete recovery of coal seams while

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Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia

Basics of mountaintop mining. As noted in EPA's 2011 report The Effects of Mountaintop Mines and Valley Fills on Aquatic Ecosystems of the Central Appalachian Coalfields, mountaintop mines and valley fills lead directly to five principal alterations of stream ecosystems:. springs and ephemeral, intermittent and perennial streams are permanently lost with the removal of the mountain and from

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6 Pros and Cons of Mountaintop Removal Flow Psychology

Mountaintop removal refers to a type of mining that removes the summit of a mountain by using explosives to expose the coal seams underneath it, making it vastly different from the traditional mining practice of manually digging a tunnel through mountains.

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What is Mountaintop Removal? (with pictures)

Aug 29, 2020· Mountaintop removal is a form of mining which involves blasting away the top of a mountain to get at the valuable minerals inside, particularly coal. It is most associated with the Appalachian Mountains in the United States, although this mining technique is in use all over the world. As you can imagine, mountaintop removal results in rather

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Mountaintop removal Global Energy Monitor

Mountaintop removal mining (MTR) is a form of surface mining increasingly being used to replace underground mining to extract coal from the Appalachian Mountain regions of eastern Kentucky, southwest West Virgina, southwest Virginia and eastern Tennessee.The process involves using explosives to remove up to 1,000 vertical feet of rock to reach the coal seams.

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Types of Surface Mining American Mine Services

Mountaintop Removal. Mountaintop Removal Mining is highly controversial, and best suited for retrieving mass amounts of minerals, usually coal, from mountain peaks. The process involves blasting the overburden with explosives above the mineral seam to be mined. The broken mountaintop is then shifted into valleys and fills below.

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World of Change: Mountaintop Mining, West Virginia

Below the densely forested slopes of the Appalachian Mountains in southern West Virginia is a layer cake of thin coal seams. To uncover this coal profitably, mining companies engineer large—sometimes very large—surface mines. This time-series of images of a surface mine in Boone County, West Virginia, illustrates why this controversial mining method is also called “mountaintop removal.”

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A Troubling Look at the Human Toll of Mountaintop Removal

Nov 21, 2017· The devastating environmental impacts of mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia have long been well documented. But over the last decade, Indiana University researcher Michael Hendryx has been examining another consequence of this form of coal surface mining that had previously been overlooked: the health impacts on the people in the surrounding communities.

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How Mountaintop Mining Affects Life and Landscape in West

May 05, 2017· Mountain top removal coal mining in West Virginia. Credit: MILES O’BRIEN: Clay Mullins is a former underground miner who lives near a mountaintop removal mine in

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Mountaintop removal mining Wikipedia

Mountaintop removal mining (MTR), also known as mountaintop mining (MTM), is a form of surface mining at the summit or summit ridge of a mountain. Coal seams are extracted from a mountain by removing the land, or overburden, above the seams.This method of coal mining is conducted in the Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States. Explosives are used to remove up to 400 vertical

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Mountaintop Removal Mining Wikipedia

Mountaintop removal mining (auch mountaintop mining, deutsch Bergbau durch Gipfelabsprengung, im weiteren MTR) ist eine spezielle Form des Tagebaus in den USA.Angewandt wird dieses Verfahren vor allem in den Appalachen, einem großflächigen Mittelgebirge im Osten der Vereinigten Staaten hier vorwiegend im Bereich des Appalachen-Plateaus; betroffen sind die Bundesstaaten Kentucky, Ohio

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The Destructive Process of Mountaintop Removal WebEcoist

Apr 17, 2009· Mountaintop removal mining in the Appalachian Mountains is among the most destructive actions that humanity has ever taken against the planet --

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Mountaintop Removal United Church of Christ

Mountaintop removal is any method of surface coal mining that removes a mountaintop or ridgeline. Methods of mountaintop removal coal mining include: cross-ridge mining, box-cut method mining, steep slope mining, area mining or mountaintop mining. It is a form of extracting coal that uses heavy explosives to remove hundreds of vertical feet of a mountain to access thin seams of coal underneath.

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